Cardiovascular Disease

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Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)

Heart diseases are one of the leading causes of deaths in India and coronary artery disease is one among them. CAD develops when your heart’s blood vessels become damaged or inflamed. As a result, cholesterol-containing plaques deposit in your coronary arteries, blocking the flow of blood through it.
The coronary arteries supply your heart with blood, oxygen, and nourishment. Plaque development can restrict the blood flow to the heart muscles, which can result in chest pain, shortness of breath, or other signs and symptoms of coronary artery disease. A heart attack might be caused by a total blockage.

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Arrhythmia / Sudden Death Risk

Arrhythmia, in simple terms, is an irregular heartbeat. This means your heart is not beating in a regular manner. These irregular rhythms can feel like the heart is beating slower, faster or irregular pace than usual. In addition to many external factors that can cause arrhythmia, it can also be genetic or could run in families. Some studies stated that if a parent has this condition, there is a 50 % chance that their child could inherit it from them.
Arrhythmia and the resultant disruption in the electrical signals in the heart, is responsible for sudden cardiac deaths in people under 30. Worldwide, sudden deaths due to arrhythmia accounts 15-20% of all deaths.