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The Actual Cost of Genetic Testing in India

Genetic testing is the study of a person’s DNA to have a higher knowledge about their health, heritage, and susceptibility to certain diseases. In the kaleidoscope of India’s healthcare landscape, genetic testing shines as a beacon of hope for the early detection of diseases and personalized treatments.

In a country like India, where economic disparities continue, the cost of genetic testing could be a major problem. Dr. Abdul Kalam, one of India’s former Presidents, once said, “Healthcare is a basic need of an individual, and its cost should not be a barrier.” Understanding the cost of genetic testing is not just about economic concern but is also a very important factor in guaranteeing the health and well-being of its citizens.

This article takes a look at the numbers and narratives behind the cost of genetic testing in India, it also offers awareness into its impact on healthcare accessibility and equity.

The Cost of Genetic Testing in India by GenepoweRx

In the past years, genetic testing has come a very long way. Different types of tests with their uses specifically and prices have been introduced. Here are some of the most popular ones and their associated prices in India.

List of GenpoweRx Products

Preventive Genomics
Wellness Genomics15,600
GenepoweRx Pharmacogenomics15,600
GenepoweRx Total27,000
Specialty Genomics
GenepoweRx Neuromuscular Health 15,600
GenepoweRx Psychiatry & Pharmacogenomics 15,600
GenepoweRx Paediatrics Health 15,600
GenepoweRx Reproductive Health 15,600
GenepoweRx Cardiac Care 15,600
GenepoweRx NephroCare 15,600
GenepoweRx Diabetes Care 15,600
Cancer Genomics
OncoRx Condition Specific 32,000
OncoRx Mini 65,000
OncoRx Comprehensive 220,000

Factors Influencing Genetic Test Costs in India

The cost of genetic testing in India can vary based on several factors. Here are some of the most important factors;

Type of test Genetic Testing:

The specific genetic test being conducted plays a significant role in the cost. Simple gene tests are always far less expensive than complex tests like the whole genome sequencing.

Type of Genetic Samples:

The type of samples required (e.g., blood, saliva, tissues) can increase the cost. The cost of collecting and classifying some of the samples can be more expensive than others.

Genetic Testing complexity:

The difficulty of the test includes the number of genes or variants being scanned and the level of customisation that can increase the cost. Tailored tests designed for specific conditions or research purposes may have a higher price tag due to the need for special protocols and analysis.

Genetic Testing Laboratory and Technology:

High-quality laboratories with modern equipment, experienced technicians, and high control measures often charge more. The complexity of the technology employed during testing can also affect the cost.

Analyzing and reporting:

The cost of including the analysis of test results and preparation of thorough reports. Modern computing techniques, especially when they differ in complexity, usually add to a higher cost of genetic testing.

Counseling and consulting:

Most genetic tests cost come with genetic counseling services, which will definitely add to the general cost.

Geographical location:

Locations in India with advanced healthcare infrastructures and easy access to genetic testing and competition among providers might lead to lower prices. However, areas with high cost of living and shortages of genetic specialists may increase the cost of genetic testing.

Insurance coverage:

If an individual has a health insurance policy, the policy may partially or fully cover the cost of the test, which will impact the out-of-pocket cost for the individual.

Research vs. clinical testing:

The genetic tests conducted for research purposes, such as studies to understand genetic traits, have lower prices. Tests performed for clinical purposes, such as diagnosis of a medical condition, often have higher costs.

Brand and reputation:

An already established, highly reputable laboratories or providers tend to charge higher rates depending on their expertise. Brands occasionally offer discounts or promotions which may reduce the cost of a test for a limited time.

Differences Between Direct to Consumer vs Hospital Based Genetic Tests

Several key aspects make direct-to-consumer (DTC) and hospital-based genetic tests different. Some of them are;

Access and convenience

  • DTC: consumers can order the test online through retail channels, making it convenient and easy to get with no prescription from a doctor.
  • Hospital-based: In hospitals, genetic tests are usually requested by healthcare workers in response to a person’s specific medical needs.

Regulation and oversight

  • DTC: The companies that handle these testing are regularly inspected, and the level of oversight can be different due to the region. Also, the quality and accuracy are often different due to the skill of the care providers.
  • Hospital-based: Hospital-based genetic testing is always put through stern regulatory standards. There are standard control measures which help to ensure accuracy and clinical validity.

Purpose and scope

  • DTC: DTC testing is usually focused on original traits, and limited health-related information.They may not include a comprehensive medical assessment.
  • Hospital-based: They are usually more comprehensive and are used for diagnosis, checking, or managing medical conditions. It involves tests for specific diseases or conditions.

Counseling and interpretation

  • DTC: The test often provides less genetic counseling. Consumers are responsible for interpreting the results for themselves or seeking instructions from third-party genetic advisers.
  • Hospital-based: Genetic counseling is usually an essential part of hospital-based genetic testing. The available counselors help the patients to understand the implications of their results and make accurate decisions.

Medical integration

  • DTC: The results may not be included into a person’s medical records or used for medical decision-making unless the person chooses to share the data with their healthcare provider
  • Hospital-based: Results are typically included into a patient’s medical records and used by healthcare professionals to direct treatment and care.


  • DTC: The tests are often marketed as being cheap because consumers pay straight to the testing companies for the tests.
  • Hospital-based: The cost for these tests is usually covered by health insurance companies, but it could also need the referral of a healthcare provider.

Privacy and data security

  • DTC: Issues have arised in regards to how DTC companies usually handle and share genetic data. Consumers should carefully access privacy policies when applying.
  • Hospital-based: Hospitals usually have specific steps for protecting a patient’s privacy and their data.

Insurance and Genetic Testing in India

As of September 2021, insurance companies in India had totally different approaches to genetic testing. Here are some key points to consider;
  • Non-Discrimination: Insurance companies generally could not treat individuals differently based on genetic results. The Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act(GINA) serves as a model for the principle.
  • Risk Assessment: Insurance companies can use genetic test results to assess risk. Suppose the genetic results of a person indicate a higher likelihood of a certain condition. The insurer may want to alter the premium or coverage accordingly.
  • Disclosure Requirements: When a person wants to apply for insurance, they might need to disclose any known genetic test results. Giving false information could lead to the denial of the claim.
  • Voluntary Testing: Genetic tests are usually voluntary, and individuals can choose to engage in tests for various reasons, such as health assessment or family planning.
  • Health Insurance: When it comes to health insurance, insurers may decide to consider genetic test results when approving insurance policies. If a person is at higher risk for a particular disease due to their genetics, it may affect the price or the availability of health insurance.
  • Life Insurance: A person’s genetic test results might be surveyed when checking mortality risk. If you have any genetic marker indicating a higher risk of severe medical conditions, it could affect the life insurance policy.

FAQS: Genetic Testing in India

Are the genetic testing kits available in India reliable?

Genetic testing companies in India offer good kits. But consumers should ensure to pick a certified and dependable one.

What is the difference between a direct-to-consumer test and a hospital-based genetic test?

Genetic testing companies in India offer direct-to-consumer tests for individuals’ interest. While hospital-based tests are often required by healthcare providers for medical purposes.

How to choose a credible and affordable genetic testing service in India?

Ensure you select a reputable genetic testing company in India by looking for accreditation and reviews.

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